Passing Web Component HTML attributes to React

When wrapping React into a native Web Component, you may want to pass HTML attributes of the custom element to your React component/application in order to work with these values.

The following implementation shows an extension of the base Web Component wrapping React. Here, a React context is used to make the configuration (resp. attributes) available within the whole application. Simply passing the properties to a single component (such as <App />) would work as well, of course.

By defining defaultConfig, we get both fallback values (in case not all expected attributes have been provided to the custom elemen) and we’re able to derive a list of keys that are supported and which need to be observed for changes.

import { createContext, useContext } from 'react';

export type Config = {
  name?: string;
  variant: 'teaser' | 'inline';

export const defaultConfig: Config = {
  name: '',
  variant: 'inline',
} as const;

export const ConfigContext = createContext<Config | undefined>(undefined);

export const useConfig = (): Config =>
  useContext(ConfigContext) ?? defaultConfig;

Based on the React context defined above and the default configuration, the rendering part is moved out of the connectedCallback lifecycle callback method into the standalone helper method renderReact so it can be triggered initially and whenever HTML attributes are changed, appended, removed, or replaced. connectedCallback now only generates and injects the mount point and triggers the renderReact method initially.

class DemoApplication extends HTMLElement {
  private mountPoint?: HTMLDivElement;

  renderReact() {
    const config = Object.entries(defaultConfig).reduce(
      (acc, [key, value]) => ({
          this.getAttribute(key) ??
          this.getAttribute(key.toLowerCase()) ??
      {} as Config,

    if (this.mountPoint) {
          <ConfigContext.Provider value={config}>
            <App />

  connectedCallback() {
    const shadowRoot = this.attachShadow({
      mode: 'open',
    this.mountPoint = getMountPoint();

  static get observedAttributes() {
    return [
      ...Object.keys(defaultConfig).map((key) => key.toLowerCase()),

  attributeChangedCallback() {

For watching/observing the custom element’s attributes, we’re making use of the attributeChangedCallback lifecycle callback method. The browser will call this method for every change to attributes listed in the observedAttributes array which we fill with the list of keys we can derive from the default configuration by using Object.keys(). As lowercase attributes are recommended in HTML (and required for stricter document types like XHTML), both the keys as-is and lower-cased version of them are taken into consideration.

Now, using the custom context hook useConfig defined above can be used anywhere in the application to read the passed attributes.

const { name, variant } = useConfig();